Care amiche e amici,
Vi giriamo un appello della Alleanza per un Trattato Vincolante (Treaty Alliance: http://www.treatymovement.com), arrivatoci dalla Campagna Globale per porre fine all’impunità di Corporazioni e multinazionali: http://stopcorporateimpunity.org/
Durante le giornate 25 e 26 luglio vi è una campagna di pressione politica a cui hanno già aderito più di 530 reti, organizzazioni e movimenti sociali di tutto il mondo, per lo sviluppo di norme internazionali vincolanti che pongano un freno alla violazione dei diritti umani commessi dalle multinazionali.
Trovate sotto la lettera (in inglese) da spedire alle delegazioni governative di Ginevra che dovrete compilare in basso con il nome della vostra associazione e il paese, oltre agli indirizzi mail di tutti gli stati membri del Consiglio dei Diritti Umani di Ginevra (26° periodo di sessioni).
Ringraziamo in anticipo il vostro sostegno e solidarietà con i movimenti sociali di tutto il mondo nella lotta per la difesa dei diritti umani.
Campaña Global para desmantelar el poder corporativo y poner fin a laimpunidad
[LETTER TO UN-HRC DELEGATIONS 2014]
Subject: Support the resolution on the establishment of a treaty on Business and Human Rights at the Human Rights Council
The purpose of this letter is to encourage your Excellency to publicly demonstrate your commitment to respect, protect and promote human rights. We recognize that your country plays an important role in the international community and can serve as an example of commitment to other States during this 26th Session of the UN Human Rights Council by supporting a resolution to start the process of elaborating an international treaty on the issue of business and human rights.
In the last days two draft resolution were presented on this subject and, unfortunately, to this moment it has not been possible to reach consensus among States on such an important subject. The first proposed draft resolution was presented by the so called “core group” led by Norway. This resolution is aimed at the implementation of the existing Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, adopted in 2011.
It foresees that within the scope of the Principles, the members of the Working Group conduct two studies, one on the need, effectiveness, pros and cons related to a binding treaty on the issues of business and human rights. The second study, according with the “core group” should be conducted by the Office of the High Commissioner and would be on the subject of gross human rights violations, such as war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity and crimes of aggression.
The second draft proposal, presented by Ecuador and South Africa, has received increasing support from countries during formal and informal public consultations conducted during this session, and has the support of civil society organizations. This proposal is aimed at the creation of an intergovernmental working group to prepare a proposal for a binding instrument on the subject of business and human rights.
We understand that both proposal resolutions are not opposite, but complementary. Unfortunately, the consensus has not been reached and the tension among States, especially due to a very strong opposition from the European Union, which has mentioned at least three times during informal consultations and side events that if the proposal resolution for a binding instrument was presented to the States, European Union countries would oppose it by vote.
We acknowledge that your representation, due to its prestige and political weight in this forum, has a fundamental role in this context. Supporting a resolution that calls for a binding treaty means defending universally-recognized human rights obligations and explaining to other members of the United Nations that it is time to make sure that everyone, including corporations, is under the obligation to respect human rights and will be held accountable in the case they do not comply with human rights standards. The adoption of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights led to the acknowledgment of States and other interested parties that businesses are under the responsibility to respect human rights. However, after their approval, the international community has recognized that the principles represent the beginning of a process that needs to be further deepened to ameliorate their standards. Social conflicts and the criminalization of protests related to companies’ investments are increasing. Access to justice and to remedies is still denied to communities and citizens in many countries. Voluntary norms and commitments to implement human rights were not able to avoid the dramatic record of negative impacts on human rights caused by companies.
The Guiding Principles have established in a clear way that the impacts of companies on human rights demand an agile combination of answers that go beyond political responses and voluntary norms, including regulation. Therefore, we believe that an intergovernmental process, at the UN level, to create binding norms reinforces the regulatory framework on the issue of business and human rights and is complementary to the implementation of the Guiding Principles. In this sense, we ask for your support for both initiatives. This support demonstrates the need to keep pursuing and making efforts to strengthen existing regional and national frameworks and also deal with the transnational nature of human rights violations related to business and also grant access to justice for victims.
For the above reasons, we ask that your government take part in the increasing group of States that have already demonstrated support for the progress of international law related to human rights violations committed by companies. We ask your Excellency to support a position in favor of human rights and in order to establish an open-ended intergovernmental working group with the mandate to elaborate an international legally binding instrument on Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises.
It will be our pleasure to provide any additional information and engage in further dialogue about this issue. We thank you in advance for your care and attention.
[name of the organization, country]
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